I will send practical posts like these (from thousands I maintain). No ads or tracking. We are troubleshooting the confirm email, for now you will be subscribed immediately (the first monthly email will provide one-click unsubscribe).
These are better than straps for notchless molds
These 3D printed gizmos are stuck on using the casting slip. Dipping their flat surfaces and attaching them takes seconds. They enable another feature of this mold - it has no notches (the halves were poured into disposable 3D printed PLA masters). Using the rubber band to hold it together was not ideal because realignment of the halves damaged the square inside edges. By using this method the mold halves can be aligned without pressure and fit perfectly. The 3D printed pouring spout is likewise attached using the slip (it also helps hold the mold halves together).
Wednesday 29th November 2023
Side by side closeups of the rim of a freshly thrown vessel
There is nothing like feeling the texture of a clay body on a potter's wheel to judge the suitability of its particle size distribution. What you feel is sometimes different than PSD data may suggest. That texture can be recorded in your Insight-live account as a photo if you snap a closeup of the rim like this. I am testing the plastic character of a new mining of one of our clay materials and need to judge its texture in comparison with the existing one. In this case, these side-by-side photos confirm my other observations.
Context: Particle Sizes
Monday 27th November 2023
Black ash glaze for 20% raw metal pigments: Suitable for functional ware?
This glaze is 49% Wood Ash, 24% Soda Feldspar and 27% Ball Clay. 10 copper carbonate and 10 manganese dioxide are added to that. This beautiful sculpture was made by Dan Ingersoll, aesthetically this glaze is perfect for it. But there are two red flags here. Significant manganese and copper metal fumes are certain to be generated at cone 10 (they are seriously not healthy) so anyone using this must be very careful. But there is something much more serious - this glaze is being used on functional ware. Copper is well known to destabilize other metals in the fired glass. This 10:10 combination is a perfect storm for leaching heavy metal into food and drink. This is not an argument for the use of commercial glazes, it is one for common sense application of the concept of limit recipes.
Context: Manganese Dioxide, Copper Carbonate Basic, Are Your Glazes Food.., Copper carbonate fuming, Manganese Inorganic Compounds Toxicology.., Copper Oxide and Carbonate.., Copper Compounds Toxicology
Sunday 19th November 2023
Testing a found clay for its pottery suitability: First steps
Would you like to be able to use your own found-clays, ones native to your area or even your property, in your production? Follow me as we evaluate a mystery clay sample provided by a potter who wants to do exactly this. I will use ordinary tools that any potter either already has or can buy at low cost. We will describe this clay in terms of plastic clay bodies and common ceramic materials that most potters already use. The potter who submitted it has worked enough with the material to suspect it has potential and he wants to know how to best utilize it (e.g. at what temperature, with what glazes, mixed with what, processed in what way). In technical terms what we are doing is called "characterization".
Context: Evaluating a clay's suitability..
Thursday 16th November 2023
Cone 6 iron red needs a catcher glaze
This is G3948A (similar to the popular Ancient Copper product). To get this stunning result it needs to be applied thickly. Therefore it runs a lot. But the catcher glaze on the bottom cm of these mugs has stopped the flow. The catcher is a glossy black glaze and is hardly noticeable. I use G3914A as the catcher but Amaco Obsidian would also likely work. The inside glaze, G2926B, is one I have tested and developed to fit our clay bodies really well.
Saturday 11th November 2023
An iron red cone 6 reactive glaze up close
G3948A is a cone 6 iron red. This sample is firing using the C6DHSC schedule. It is a reactive glaze in more ways than one. This closeup reveals just how much is happening on that fired surface. The recipe contains spodumene, an expensive material, but clearly it is worth it.
Friday 10th November 2023
The quality of frits is declining
The glaze defects are caused by precipitates that have formed in this glaze slurry within days of batching it. They are refractory and do not dissolve in the glaze melt - creating a defect that is unrepairable. In industry, glazes are batched and sieved as an ongoing process but in pottery and hobby ceramics they are stored for months or even years after batching. It is normal to have to sieve these slurries every few months but in recent years the precipitates form more quickly. Frits are theoretically insoluble, but in practice, they are not. Frit quality is determined not just by careful control of the chemistry but also of the smelting, mixing and water-quenching processes.
Thursday 9th November 2023
This always worked before. Why cracking now?
This thrown piece has thin walls and a thick base. A thickly applied inside glaze. No glaze on the outside (showing off the beautiful red body color). These factors are a recipe for glaze compression failure. And that is what has happened! But this has worked for the potter in the past! So what is needed to continue doing this unrecommended technique and get away with it? Thicker walls. Thinner base. Thinner glaze application on the inside.
Context: I have always done..
Wednesday 8th November 2023
This fantastic underglaze is too thin to cover well. I fixed it in under a minute.
Right: My attempts to apply a layer of watery white underglaze to leather hard clay.
Wednesday 8th November 2023
Iron red on porcelain and a red burning stoneware
This is the G3948A recipe fired to cone 6 using our standard C6DHSC schedule. The color "breaks" to black where thinner around contours so it seemed like a natural that the inside glaze should be G3914A Alberta Slip black. The contour of the foot ring is important or the glaze will run onto the kiln shelf. My standard fluted ring foot is working well. Perhaps a better option would be to glaze the bottom inch or so with the black as a catch glaze.
Monday 6th November 2023
Other ways to Support My Work
Subscribe to Insight-Live.com. It is about doing testing and development, not letting the information slip away. Starts at $15 for 6 months.
Login to your online account
Chemistry plus physics. Maintain your recipes, test results, firing schedules, pictures, materials, projects, etc. Access your data from any connected device. Import desktop Insight data (and of other products). Group accounts for industry and education. Private accounts for potters. Get started.
Download for Mac, PC, Linux
Interactive glaze chemistry for the desktop. Free (no longer in development but still maintained, M1 Mac version now available). Download here or in the Files panel within your Insight-live.com account.